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Dates and Deadlines

The application deadline for admission in Fall 2023 is Dec. 15, 2022 (11:59pm PST). We require that applicants submit their application materials electronically through the online application.

Contact Us
Ross School of Business

Alumni Career Services 
(734) 764-1373


(734) 763-5775

Ann Arbor Office

Seoul Office

Tokyo Office

Ross Executive Education
+1 734-763-1000

Front Desk
Ann Arbor - 734.647.3400
Los Angeles - 310.617.4750

Natalie Summers
Technology & Operations

Lisa Frye

Ann Arbor Office

Administrative Office


Ross School of Business 734.615.5002

Joyce Buchanan, Executive Secretary

Tesenga Smith

Jessica Carter

Paul Kirsch
Managing Director


Lillian Chen, Research Area Specialist

Ross IT
734-615-3000 (option 1)

Ross Registrar's Office

701 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109

(734) 615-5002

Stewart Thornhill
Executive Director



Stephen M. Ross School of Business
University of Michigan
701 Tappan Street, R5342
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1234

Phone: 734-647-4027">


New Applicants or Individuals Reapplying After More Than One Year

Your application must include the items listed below in order to be complete. Most of these items can be submitted directly through the online system.

**Please read these instructions carefully before beginning the application**

Complete the online application

All applications are submitted online. All of the credentials listed below are uploaded as a part of the online application. Instructions for submitting the application and paying the application fee appear at the end of this list.

Please be aware that you will need to select "Business Administration Ph.D." as your intended graduate program when starting your application. The system will then prompt you to select your subplan (e.g. Accounting, Finance, etc.). The exception to this is if you are applying to the new Business & Economics area.. This is listed on its own under the Business Administration heading.


Resume or curriculum vitae

Please upload a current resume or CV as a part of your application. The application will prompt you for this.

Academic statement of purpose

The statement of purpose should be a concise, well-written essay about your academic and professional experiences, your career goals, and how completing the Ross School's PhD program will help you progress toward the realization of these goals. The statement of purpose should be between three and five pages.

Personal statement

The personal statement differs from the statement of purpose in that we ask you to write about how your background and life experiences — including cultural, geographical, financial, educational, or other opportunities or challenges — have motivated your decision to pursue a graduate degree at the University of Michigan. It should be limited to 500 words.

Please do not repeat your academic statement of purpose.

Three letters of recommendation

You must register your recommenders through the online application form. Registering your recommenders generates an automated email with instructions on the process. It also grants access to the recommender's portion of the database where they can either compose a new letter or upload an existing letter that will become a part of your application.

Letters of recommendation play an important role in the admissions process. Applicants are encouraged to submit letters from people, preferably faculty members, who know their strengths and weaknesses as a scholar, and who can speak to their readiness for a doctoral program at a major research institution in the United States. Letters that include information about previous research and/or teaching experience are particularly helpful. Please note that we only accept letters submitted directly by the recommenders. Photocopies or emailed copies of letters sent by the applicants will not be accepted.


Recent updates have been implemented and official transcripts are no longer required at the time of application. 

A scanned/electronic copy of the official transcript will be used for initial review by our admissions committee.  You will be required to have your official transcript sent to the Rackham Graduate School only if you are recommended for admission.

All applicants should report their Grade Point Average (GPA) on page 5 of the online application. The GPA should be reported using a standard U.S. four point scale.  Applicants who attended an institution outside the United States should follow the instructions to convert their international average grade point to a U.S. four point GPA (see "How to Convert Grades to a U.S. GPA" here).
Upload a scanned copy of your official transcript(s) on the transcript upload page(s) of the application.

Submitting illegible or incomplete transcripts will delay the processing of your application. Here are a few things to keep in mind when scanning your transcripts:

Review your scanned transcript to ensure it is legible and that your name appears on it. Transcripts printed on security paper may not copy well, and transcripts printed on paper larger than 8.5" x 11" should be resized so that they print out on standard office paper used in the U.S. You may need to experiment with the settings on your scanner.

Remember to scan the back side of the transcript. Most transcripts issued by colleges and universities in the United States include the grading scale and other important information on the back of the transcript. If the information is the same on every page, only scan it once. This is especially relevant for transcripts from institutions that use non-standard grading scales (i.e. U.S. institutions that report grades other than A through F).

Additional tips are included within the online application.

Official GMAT or GRE General Test scores

Official GMAT or GRE General Examination scores are no longer required for Business Administration applicants (Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Management & Organizations, Strategy, and Technology & Operations).  GRE test scores are still required  for the joint Business & Economics PhD program.
Only official GRE test scores for exams less than five years old will be accepted. Official scores are those submitted from ETS directly to the University of Michigan.
Please use the following codes when submitting your scores:
The GRE/ETS institution code is 1839 (a department code is not necessary)
*Please note: You must use the ETS code 1839 (Rackham Graduate School code). We are not able to access scores sent to the code 2528 (general Ross School of Business code).
There is no minimum GRE requirement. However, the application process is highly selective.

Official TOEFL or IELTS scores

Applicants whose native language is not English must demonstrate English proficiency, unless they meet one of the criteria for an exemption listed below. You qualify for an exemption from taking an English proficiency examination if one of the following criteria are met:

  • You completed all of your undergraduate education and earned an undergraduate degree at an institution where the language of instruction is English only
  • You completed all of your graduate education and earned a graduate degree at an institution where the language of instruction is English only
    • If you completed a Master’s degree that was strictly research and no academic classes, that degree does not meet the exemption. This type of Master’s degree is generally awarded at a non-U.S. institution
  • You are a current U-M student

In order for scores to reach us prior to the application deadline, we encourage applicants to plan accordingly and schedule their exams as soon as possible. We will accept official TOEFL or IELTS score reports for tests that are not more than two years old as of the application deadline. Please use the following code when submitting your scores to the University of Michigan:

The TOEFL/ETS institution code is 1839 (a department code is not necessary)

We use the following minimum scores as benchmarks of preparedness for admission to the PhD program. We do not automatically disqualify applicants for low component or total scores. However, low scores could have a negative impact on the admission decision.

  • TOEFL iBT (Preferred) — Total 106 including minimum component scores as follows: Reading – 26, Listening – 26, Speaking – 27, and Writing – 27
  • IELTS — Total score 7 with all component scores (Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking) at least 7

Submit the application and pay the application fee

Once you have completed and validated the application, you will need to finalize your application by submitting the application and paying the application fee. Additional instructions are available within the online application.

The fee can be paid by credit card only. A limited number of fee waivers are available from Rackham.

  • The application fee for U.S. citizens and permanent residents is $75 USD.
  • The application fee for international applicants is $90 USD.