How to Combine Data and Systems Into a Winning Strategy
Most managers want to base their business decisions on solid information, but that’s not always easy. It can be challenging to figure out exactly what data you should compile and how you can best use it.
Michigan Ross Professors Gwen Yu and Christopher Williams say that managers should focus on using data to establish a system that promotes long-term value creation.
“What you measure changes people's incentives. Companies cannot, and should not, measure every activity inside the firm,” Yu said. “When deciding what to measure, the first thought they should have in mind is, ‘Will this create long term value? How will this change human behavior? And what will be the consequences?’ We want to provide a framework for how to think about that specific problem.”
Too often, managers fail to ask the right questions and end up using data they shouldn’t. “I could be incentivizing my employees to do the wrong things, because I'm tracking the wrong measurements. For example, if I focus too much on compensation contracts, it might kill creativity. So I might not even want to use the data that I've got,” Williams said.
To that end, Williams and Yu have developed a new Michigan Ross Executive Education program, “Leading in the Age of Data: Analytics for Strategic Decisions”. The intensive five-day course provides managers with a framework for how to effectively use data, hands-on experience in putting the theory into practice, and specific guidance to put the principles in action back at work.
“Providing the framework is important, because I think now you've just got a data frenzy,” Williams said. “People often think more data is better, but too often they really haven't thought about how to use it.”
The program helps managers decide what they should be measuring to produce desired outcomes, then challenges them to go through the process so they emerge with a plan to implement what they’ve learned once they return to work.
“You get to practice a little bit, try it out in a controlled setting, and then you go into a simulation, where you’re actually going to implement these things in a market setting,” Yu said.
The program is unique among top executive education programs, Williams said: “No other school goes through the same process of, ‘Let’s show you, lead you in practice, and then help you implement.’ No one else offers this kind of cohesive program.”